This recently released report (D2.2) intends to shed light on the current regulatory infrastructure on energy efficiency in buildings in the EU, North and West Africa regions
The survey included European and African countries: Germany, Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, Austria, Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Ghana, Togo, Senegal, and Nigeria.
The goal is to identify and analyse the degree of development of these infrastructures, the obstacles encountered, and propose recommendations.
The work has relied on quantitative and qualitative data collection methods to help inform the benchmark and analysis, including questionnaires, focused group discussions, interview with key informants. The undertaken research has shown significant differences in the development of regulation related to EE in buildings between the European Union, North Africa and West Africa.
National regulation at the European Union level stems from the European directives, and constitute an encouraging framework for bioclimatic buildings, despite the fact that most of the existing building codes do not take into account future climatic conditions. In North Africa, countries succeeded in developing building codes with different application levels, but without considerations for upcoming climatic changes. In West Africa, regional building energy efficiency measures are being proposed and developed by ECOWAS, especially given the minimal adoption of energy efficiency at the level of the existing building codes and regulation. More importance is given to the use of renewable energy systems in buildings.
Similarly, to the state of play of regulatory infrastructure, EU public and private actors in education and training succeeded to offer a wide range of programs in EE in buildings and urban planning, including modules covering bioclimatic architecture. However, despite the existence of such programs in North and West Africa, there is still a lack in terms of awareness of the importance of bioclimatic architecture, therefore its presence in training programs is almost absent.